Papers, 1890–1950, 27 boxes. Chief of gendarmes and governor of Yalta. Manuscript books and documents on the following topics: the life of Nicholas II, his family, and Grigorii Rasputin; General Spiridovitch's memoirs; notes to a history of the Socialist Revolutionary Party and its forerunners; the governorship of Yalta; social movements in the late tsarist times; A. S. Pushkin and Russian literature; the Grand Duke Kiril Vladimirovich; the house of Romanov; the history of Bolshevism; the Jewish question; the reign of Nicholas II and the last years of the court at Tsarskoe Selo. Copies of some of the general's published works are also in the collection (e.g., The Revolutionary Movement in Russia 2nd edition), often with his handwritten additions. There are items of P. Rachkovskii, 1890, and records (with a survey) of a department of police in the papers as well. In Russian. Permission of the Curator of Slavic and East European Collections required. Unpublished register.
Aleksandr Vasil'evich Osokin (d. 1974)
Russian army officer. Memoirs, 133 pp., about the anti-Bolshevik forces in the Civil War (1917–22). In Russian, undated, the typed, signed manuscript apparently was produced in Paris. A newspaper clipping from La Pensee Russe, 4 October 1974, in Paris carries his obituary in Russian. (Misc. MSS)
Alexander I. Petrunkevich (1875-1964)
Family papers, 1886–1932, 5 ft. Letters, 3 photo albums, other notebooks and albums. Ca. 250 letters of Alexander's father, Ivan Il'ich Petrunkevich, the famous zemstvo and liberal political leader. Many are from Nastia (Anastasia Sergeevna Petrunkevich), the elder Petrunkevich's second wife and widow of Count Vladimir Panin. Among the business correspondents were D. Lekhovich, Ksenia Denikina, and A. Tolstaia. The letters, arranged chronologically, date from 1886 on. Other materials include 2 albums of poetry, a notebook, and some slides. Charles E. Timberlake's "Source Materials on Russian and American History in the Alexander Petrunkevich Collection" appeared in the January 1967 Yale University Library Gazette; unpublished register.
Alexander Keskula (1882-1964)
Papers, in process, 400 items. Russian revolutionary, organizer of anti-tsarist underground movements. Memoirs (fragmentary); letters to him from Estonian and Russian socialists and revolutionaries, 1916–44; passports (under many false names); documents (e.g., receipt from a German consulate general showing Keskula had paid back all money he received as a German spy); his pro memorias to various governments, including the U.S.; 2 manuscript books (Die Naturund weltgeschichtliche Funktion des Wahns and a study of Don Quixote); family papers, correspondence, photographs, printed matter, and books with his annotations. Permission of the curator of the Slavic and East European Collections required. Unpublished register.
Alexander Polovtsoff (1857-1934)
Papers, 1918–34, 6 boxes. Russian diplomat born in St. Petersburg. Polovtsoff served in the cavalry, 1888–92, and then entered the Ministry of the Interior. Later, in the foreign service, he served in Bombay, 1906–1909. In emigration after 1918, he translated literature and wrote historical essays. The papers include mostly notes, manuscripts, and typescripts of his writings (mainly historical studies of Peter I, other Russian monarchs, and noteworthy people). 1 typescript concerns protection of Imperial palaces after the 1917 Revolution. Only one of the historical works has been published: Les Favoris de Catherine la Grande (Paris, 1939). An autobiographical piece covers his youth and tsarist service. Unpublished register (NUCMC 68–1442).
Letter (found in A. Dumas's Vicomte de Bragelonne) in Russian from a member of the suite of the emperor or empress, 28 June, no year, signed "Vera" and addressed to "Dear Aunty." Duma's book was a copy from the Palace library at Tsarskoe Selo. (Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection; herinafter, Misc. MSS.)
Anson Phelps Stokes (1874-1958)
Papers, 1761–1960, 315 boxes. Author and canon of the National Cathedral. 1 box ("Portsmouth Treaty Papers, 1904–05") contains letters and documents, mostly unpublished, on the treaty ending the Russo-Japanese War, plus a copy of Harold Phelps Stokes's pamphlet Yale, the Portsmouth Treaty, and Japan. In a 1975 addition to the Stokes papers there is correspondence of Barnabas Sakai with important information on the signing of the Portsmouth Treaty in 1905 and material on Russian refugee relief in Istanbul. Unpublished register and correspondents list (NUCMC 74–1203 and 77–2112).
Arthur Bliss Lane (1894-1956)
Papers, 1904–57, 114 boxes. Ambassador to Poland from 1944–47. Lane often voiced his views on Polish affairs in questions of Soviet-American relations. Unpublished register. (NUCMC 61–3487)
Belvedere Archives, 1918-22
(Archives of the Military Chancellery of the commander in chief of the Polish army). Microfilm, 31 reels. Documents of Jozef Pilsudski, chief of state and head of the Polish army, marked "T" to signify they are secret, are arranged imperfectly by subject and chronologically. Group II (files 27–45) concerns "Russia and all that developed out of it." Group IIB (files 15–26) is for "The Ukraine, Russia, Lithuania." File 21, for example, includes ca. 50 papers dealing with the Russian army of General von Bredov. The "Miscellaneous" file 84 contains documents concerning negotiations with the Soviet Red Cross in 1919; file 92 is a census of eastern territories, December 1919; file 95c has reports of the Intelligence Corps on the Baltic countries, 1920; and file 101 holds data on Polish-Soviet relations in 1919–20 (all in Group VII). The apparently separate documents of General T. Rozwadowski, chief of the Polish General Staff, for 1920, 3 files, also include materials on Latvia, Lithuania, and the Ukraine. (The originals of all the papers are in the Pilsudski Institute in New York.) Unpublished register.
Charles A. Lindbergh (1902-1974)
Papers, ca. 1890-present, 650 boxes. Aviator. Includes some material relating to 3 flights to the USSR made by Charles and Anne Morrow Lindbergh in 1931, 1933, and 1938, with comments on Soviet airpower and society. Unpublished register.
Chester Bliss Bowles (b. 1901)
Papers, 1924–73, 186 ft. Governor of Connecticut, 1949–51, a UN official in 1946–48, ambassador to India, 1951–53 and 1963–69, and U.S. representative, 1959–60. A specialist on foreign affairs and especially the USSR, Bowles served as under secretary for foreign affairs in 1961 and as President John F. Kennedy's special representative and advisor on Africa, Asia, and Latin American Affairs. Unpublished finding aid, 3 vols.; also, article in the American Archivist, 1975, no. 1. (NUCMC 77–2105)
Chester Wells Purington (b. 1871)
Papers, 1917–25, 1 box. Mining engineer, traveled in Russia and Siberia ca. 1898–1900. Includes drafts of books and articles as well as correspondence relating to his travel in the Russian Empire, mines, and mineral resources.
David Peck Todd (1855-1939)
Papers, 1862–1939, 45 ft. Astronomer. Includes material on his trip to Russia to record the eclipse of 21 August 1914 (boxes 57–58). Unpublished register (NUCMC 77–2114).
David Snub (b. 1887)
Correspondence, 1912–63, 1 box. Revolutionary and author. Born and educated in Russia, he became a member of the Social Democratic Party in 1903. Shub 1ived in London, Paris, and Geneva, 1904–1905, mixing with Bolshevik and Menshevik leaders. Returning to Russia in September 1905, he took part in the Revolution, was arrested in late 1906, and exiled to Siberia. A year later he escaped and made his way to the U.S., 1908. For the next 50 years he remained in close contact with leaders of every faction of the Russian revolutionary movement. He wrote a standard biography of Lenin. Among Shub's correspondents, 1912–63, were A. R. Abramovich, M. A. Aldanov, Angelica Balabanoff, Vera Burtsev, Victor Chernov, Lydia Dan, Lev Deich, Vera Figner, M. Karpovich, B. D. Nikolaevskii, Catherine Prokopovich (Kuskova), and N. V. Vol'sky (Valentinov). Unpublished register (NUCMC 71–2040).
Edward M. House (1858-1938)
Papers, 1891–1938, 285 boxes. Statesman. In Colonel House's Subject File, boxes 182 and 207 contain letters, memos, and other papers on Russia. Most deal with post-1918 affairs but some are about 1917; Soviet-American relations is the major topic. Additional letters by government officials, observers, and others are in the general correspondence (alphabetically arranged). House's diary for 1912—26 is also a valuable source. One correspondent was William C. Bullitt. Unpublished register (NUCMC 61–3488).
Edwin Rogers Embree (1883-1950)
Papers, 1903–56, 9 boxes. Cultural anthropologist and official of the Rockefeller Foundation, 1917–27, and of the Rosenwald Fund, 1928–48. His journal for 1934 describes a trip to Russia. Unpublished register (NUCMC 68–1439).
Papers, ca. 1911–31, 1 box, 10 folders. First woman sent to the mines for a political offense, spent most of her life in prison or exile. Known as "The Little Grandmother of the Revolution." Papers include the typed manuscript of "How I Went Among the People, 476 pp.; handwritten manuscripts about herself and the people she met, 50 pp., some dated; "My Stay in Russia from 1896–1903," 10 pp.; extracts from her memoirs, Dni, Berlin, 20 January 1924, 5 pp., and her reminiscences of the revolution, 12 pp.; a manuscript she dictated to A. P. Toporkov in 1918, 58 pp.; articles about her by E. E. Lazarev, 1931, and M. M. Rosenbaum, 1917; and other magazine and newspaper articles about her, plus a pamphlet honoring her 80th birthday (Paris). Unpublished finding aid.
Frank L. Polk (1871-1943)
Papers, 1913–43, 28 ft. U.S. State Department official. His State Department files include correspondence with David R. Francis (ambassador in Petrograd in 1916); cables and correspondence with other embassy personnel to 1918; plus letters of John Reed, William C. Bullitt, and others. Some memos and reports concern Russian affairs, Russian-German relations, the railway situation, British diplomatic advances to Russia, the Allied intervention in Siberia, German influence in Siberia, the Red Cross, and Russian relief. His confidential diary reveals the changing views of U.S. State Department officials and President Woodrow Wilson on Siberian policy and has information about the delegation of the high command in Siberia to Japan. Unpublished register (NUCMC 61–3497).
Writer. Undated memorandum sent to Henry M. Andrews concerning the Spanish Civil War and Russian foreign policy, typescript. (Misc. MSS)
Georgii Vasil'evich Chicherin (1872-1936)
Soviet foreign minister. 27 ALS to Louis Fischer. The correspondence, from various places, is dated 30 September-7 December 1929; February-September 1930; and 18 August 1932. The letters contain Chicherin's reflections and reminiscences on Russian history and foreign relations from tsarist times through the Pact of Locarno, 1925. (In Box 1 of the Louis Fischer papers, see below.) Unpublished register for the letters.
Gordon Auchincloss (1886-1943)
Papers, 1917–34, 3.5 ft. Lawyer and diplomat. His diary for 1914–19 is particularly informative on the American intervention in the Civil War and for the attitudes of Colonel E. M. House and President Wcodrow Wilson on this matter. Unpublished register (NUCMC 61–3683).
Hanson Baldwin (b. 1903)
Papers, 1931present, ca. 100 ft. Author and military editor of the New York Times. Includes extensive documentation relating to foreign affairs, papers of the Council on Foreign Relations, and subject files relating to the Soviet Union during World War II and the Cold War. Unpublished register (NUCMC 72–1873).
Harry Weinberger (1886-1944)
Papers, 1915–42, 50 boxes. Lawyer and civil rights advocate. He defended many radicals, anarchists, aliens, and immigrants. Case files relating to Russian immigrants include those of Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman; Jacob Abrams, Hyman Lachowsky, Samuel Lipman, and Mollie Steimer ("the Four Russians"); Wasily Andreyeff; Ethel Bernstein; and Bernard Sernacker. Unpublished register (NUCMC 74–1207).
Henry L. Stimson (1867-1950)
Papers, 272 boxes. Secretary of war 1911–13 and again 1940–45, and secretary of state 1929–33. His papers and diaries, 1941–45 especially, shed much light on the origins of the Cold War and the work of his office in World War II. Both the papers and the diaries have been microfilmed (separately). The library produced a guide for each microfilm in 1973; the papers guide contains Russian references for several reels. Unpublished register (NUCMC 61–3472).
Papers, 1921–61, 4 ft. YMCA worker and executive in the Far East. Much of the correspondence, notes, writings, and printed matter relates to Manchuria, Russia, China, and Japan, 1921–61. Unpublished register (NUCMC 72–1888).
Inquiry Papers, 1917-19
29 boxes. Correspondence and reports relating to the settlement of World War I territorial problems in preparation for the Paris Peace Conference. Includes reports on Russian politics, education, commerce, and other subjects (boxes 20–21).
John van Antwerp MacMurray (1881-1960)
Papers, 1715–1960, on microfilm: 55,000 letters, 35 containers of writings, and 18 containers of printed matter and photos. Diplomat and specialist on Far Eastern affairs. In 1908–11 he was second secretary at the U.S. embassy in St. Petersburg. As chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs at the State Department, 1911–13, he was concerned with trying to remove tsarist restrictions on visits by Jewish-Americans to their Russian homeland. From 1933–38 he was minister to the Baltic countries. Most of the collection is correspondence and photos. Among his correspondents were V. N. Kokovtsov and George and Boris B. Bakhmetev. Includes papers of his father Junius. The originals of these papers are at Princeton University. Unpublished register (NUCMC 71–396, for Princeton). (Robert Anthony Collection)
Langhorne Gibson (b. 1899)
Papers, 1917–36, 3 ft. Author and curator of Naval History at Yale. The collection contains a notebook (ca. 1811) dealing with export trade to Russia.
Louis Fischer (b. 1896)
Papers, 1929–62, ca. 40 items. Diplomatic historian. In addition to the Chicherin correspondence described above, the papers include letters of Boris Nikolaevskii (Nicolaevsky), and typescripts with corrections of 4 of his books, including Russia, America and the World.
Maksim Gorkii (1868-1936)
Writer. ALS to Zinovie Issaevitch Grzhebin, 2 March 1925, concerning the arrest of A. N. Tikhonov and attempts to intervene on his behalf. The letter,.1 p., is signed with Gorkii's real name, A. Peshkov. A photocopy and French and English translations are included. (In the Clift Collection)
Max Lerner (b. 1902)
Papers, 1927–69, 42 ft. Political scientist. Correspondence, speeches, writings, notes, photos, clippings, and memorabilia in part concern his career and his activities during the Red scares of the 1950s. Unpublished register (NUCMC 76–1436).
Wife of M. M. Vinaver, Kadet Party leader and minister of justice in the Provisional Government. Typescript, carbon copy, memoirs covering the years 1905–21, 100 pp. They include valuable portraits of Kadet leaders. Location of the original is uncertain. (Misc. MSS)
Rose Pastor Stokes (1879-1933)
Papers, 1900–58, 13 boxes. Journalist and Communist Party member. She was born in Poland but emigrated to the U.S. in 1890. After working in a Cleveland cigar factory for 12 years, she moved to New York City, 1903, and became a feature writer for the Jewish Daily News. In 1905 an interview led to marriage with a young millionaire socialist, James Graham Phelps Stokes. She then became radicalized, turning into a political activist and eventually joining the Communist Party. She divorced Stokes, 1925, and married Jerome Romain (see under Victor Jerome above). Stokes attended the fourth Comintern congress in the USSR in 1922. The papers include a photocopy of her unfinished autobiography (1879–1905); correspondence with Max Eastman, Eugene Debs, and Emma Goldman (1905–33); some drawings; and a copy of her report to the Comintern congress on the Negro question in America. Unpublished register (NUCMC 71–2041).
Russian Travel Ouestionnaires
2 cartons, ca. 1960. Collection of questionnaires for travelers going to or returning from the USSR, apparently part of someone's Ph.D. research. They contain long, interesting comments on American impressions of Russia ca. 1960.
Sergei G. Pushkarev (b. 1888)
Papers, in process, ca, 20 ft. Russian historian. Correspondence, writings, reprints of articles, and related commentary. Some material concerns the personality and activities of Professor G. V. Vernadskii. Material by others relates to Professor Pushkarev's personality and activities. Also, clippings.
Sophie Haberman (f1. 1900-1911)
2 ALS. The letters, to her nephew and to a Mrs. Churgin, describe her experiences as a Russian immigrant in New York City (9 August 1900, 4 pp., and 20 March 1911, 10 pp.). (Misc. MSS)
Thomas Hazard (1758-1828)
Letterbook, 1811–16, 1 vol. New Bedford, Conn., merchant. Contains copies of letters to various persons concerning business, trade, and shipping, in part involving Russia. (Misc. MSS)
Victor Jeremy Jerome (1896-1965)
Papers, 1923–67, 16 ft. Author and political activist. Correspondence, notes, writings. Polish-born Jerome's real name was Jerome Isaac Romain. Coming to the U.S. as a boy, he became involved in political radicalism in the 1920s, joining the Communist Party in 1924. The bulk of the materials relates to his work in the Party, 1930–65, and Party organization and activities. He married Rose Pastor Stokes (see below). Jailed in the mid-1950s under the Smith Act, Jerome toured Eastern Europe after his release. In 1959–61 he edited V. Lenin's works in Moscow, returning to the U.S. in 1962. Among the papers are correspondence about his trial, manuscripts of 2 autobiographical novels, an incomplete draft of Rose Stokes' autobiography "I Belong to the Working Class," and a 1956 letter on Soviet persecution of Jews. Unpublished register (NUCMC 76–1434).
Walter Bedell Smith (1895-1961)
Papers, 1949–50, 1 box. U.S. army officer, ambassador to the USSR, 1946–49. Draft copy, typed, signed, of the general's book My Three Years in Moscow (New York, 1950) with his own annotations and research notes. Also included is correspondence with U.S. agencies, 1949–50, mostly concerned with the process of getting security clearance for publication.
Walter Lippmann (1889-1974)
Papers, ca. 1906–74, 326 boxes, 115 ft. Journalist, author, and political commentator. Correspondence, writings, photographs, and printed matter document his personal and professional life. Includes material on foreign affairs and on Russia. Unpublished finding aid (NUCMC 62–71, in part).
William C. Bullitt papers (1909–1967)
The papers consist of correspondence, government documents, writings, speeches, photographs, research materials, printed matter, motion picture film, and other material which document William C. Bullitt's career as a diplomat and journalist and his personal and family life. Finding aid available: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/mssa.ms.0112
William Cooper Moore (b. 1906)
Yale College class of 1928, Typescript, 55 pp., entitled "Forty days and forty nights: A trip through Russia in 1931"; inscribed at the end: "Russia again, May 4, 1932—May 17, 1932..."
William George Eden Wiseman (1885-1962)
Papers, 1916–19, 6 ft. British diplomat and banker. The major portion of the letters, cables, and other papers relates to Russian affairs from April 1917 to April 1919, particularly the Siberian intervention. Card index (NUCMC 61–3484).
William Hepburn Buckler (1867-1952)
Papers, 1907–37, 2.5 ft. "Special agent for the U.S. State Department from 1914 to 1919, attended the Paris Peace Conference after World War I. He reported to Colonel E. House on European affairs. His notes include information on Russia and on his meeting with the Soviet diplomat Maxim Litvinov in Stockholm in 1919. Unpublished register (NUCMC 62–1109)
William Williams Family
Papers, ca. 1750–1900, 2 boxes. Merchants. Includes a letterbook of Thomas Wheeler Williams (1789–1874) with copies of letters from various places, 1811–13; some relate to Russian commerce.