All catalogued collections have unpublished descriptions. Published guide to the manuscript collections in preparation.
Albert Houtum-Schindler (1846-1916)
Papers, ca. 1889–1912, 33 items. Telegraph inspector and army organizer in Persia, knighted by the British and made a general by the Shah. Primarily correspondence from George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquis Curzon of Kedleston, to General Schindler. Letters from 1891–96 concern relations among Britain, Persia, and Russia. A draft memorandum Schindler wrote in January 1889, 15 pp., pertains to the opening of the Karun River to commerce, the Russian consular office at Meshed, the boundary problem with Russia in northeastern Persia, and internal Persian affairs.
Alexander Sprunt & Son, Inc.
Records, 1779–1960, 5,851 items and 231 vols. Cotton exporters. Includes 1 item, 26 August 1909, on economic conditions in Russia. (NUCMC 71–85)
Alfred Edward Garwood
British mechanical engineer. Draft of his memoirs, chapters 17–22, ca. 100 pp., dealing with Russia. He went to Russia at age 22, serving in turn as assistant master mechanic at Bologoe for the Nicolai Railway (St. Petersburg to Moscow); assistant locomotive superintendent of the Dunaburg-Witepsk (Vitebsk) Railway, 1869; chief engineer in charge of locomotive construction at the Baltic Ironworks, St. Petersburg; manager of shops at Globuki; manager of locomotive service at Novi-Tcherkash (i.e., Tcherchassk); works manager of the Struve Brothers' Kolomna Engineering Works, near Moscow; district locomotive superintendent for the Orel-Graize Railway at Orel; and engineer in chief of the Locomotive, Carriage, and Wagon Departments of the Losova-Sevastopol Railway. In the last job, which opened the Crimea to rail transport, Garwood worked with Major Nicolai Yakolevitch Prochoroff, engineer in chief and general manager of the railroad. The memoirs have been published in revised form as Forty Years of an Engineer's Life At Home and Abroad, With Notes By the Way (Newport, Monmouthshire, 1903).
Papers, 1843–1971, 1,730 items and 7 vols. George Venable Allen (1903–1970) was a diplomat and director of the U.S. Information Agency. In the Allen section of the papers are a letter, 21 January 1948 attached to a letter of 29 September 1960, and a chapter of a book, Mission to Iran, that discuss Soviet-Iranian relations, and a speech of 15 October 1959 (USIA box) on U.S.-Soviet relations. In the Angier section are 3 letters, March 1950, January 1951, and February 1962, about Russian-American relations and 1, 21 March 1951, concerning Soviet relations with Yugoslavia. (NUCMC 72–862)
2 items. The first, from England, contains observations of a young man working on board hired British transport ships in the Crimean War. Entries dated 23 March 1854–22 September 1855. The writer, on different ships, was in Eupatoria, Sevastopol, and Balaklava. Much space is devoted to naval and military operations. At the end of the diary, 164 pp., are 2 ship lists, for the Black Sea fleet and for transports. Throughout the volume are colored drawings of ships and military personnel. The second diary is of an American woman traveling in Europe with a group of other women. They were in Russia (entering at St. Petersburg) for 9 days, starting 11 September 1878. The woman remarks on the Winter Palace, the Peter and Paul fortress, the Hermitage, the celebration of a saint's day in the capital, and the return of troops from the Russo-Turkish War. In Moscow she saw the Kremlin, St. Basil's Cathedral, and other churches.
Four Gospels, A.D. 1654 (Armenian MS. 1); and fragments, 4 pp., of an illustrated manuscript on paper, 15th c. (?), possibly a book of prayers (Armenian MS. 2).
Clara Mary Jane Clairmont (1798-1879)
Papers, 1814–26, 7 vols. and 1 typescript. Governess in a Moscow family. Diaries for 1814–26 describe in detail her life, Russian social life, and customs in the early 19th c. Items are in part transcripts and photocopies (negative) of originals held mainly in the British Museum. (NUCMC 60–2192)
Edward Lacon Ommanney
Papers, 1810–30, 50 items. British general. Includes some references to Russian foreign relations.
Papers, 1739–1966, 2,172 items and 15 vols. David Dudley Field (1805–1894), a lawyer and law reformer, traveled in Russia in the late 1830s and in 1851. His travel journals for those years describe his experiences. (NUCMC 62–1595)
Francis Calley Gray (1790-1856)
Diaries, 1811–15, 1 vol. Harvard graduate who accompanied John Quincy Adams to Russia in 1809 and became unpaid secretary for the U.S. legation in St. Petersburg. The diary describes his return home through Russia, Estonia, and Prussia, September 1811. Comments on living conditions and the decay of Russian travel vehicles.
Francis Rawdon Chesney (1789-1872)
British general. Manuscript volume, ca. 100 pp., entitled "Observations on Persia as an Ally, and the Cheapest as well as Most Important Frontier Line of Our Indian Empire" (ca. 1831–33). In it he discusses Russo-Turkish relations since 1717, Russo-British relations, and Russian domination of Persia.
Francis Warrington Dawson (1840-1889)
Papers, 1559–1963, 7,440 items and 65 vols. Includes papers of his son, F. W. Dawson II (1878–1962), journalist. 1 microfilm reel, negative, contains material on the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905. (NUCMC 69–1485)
Frederick Commins Edwards (1863-1948)
Papers, 1883–1945, 213 items and 79 vols. Episcopal clergyman. Vol. 45 of his journal contains observations on the Russian Revolution and Civil War, 1917–21. (NUCMC 72–869)
Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts (1832-1914)
Letters, 1881–1910, 55 items. British army officer. Includes 2 letters, 6 and 18 September 1902, with comments on Russo-British relations. (NUCMC 72–886)
G. Hope (Summerell) Chamberlain (1870-1960)
Papers, 1821–1946, 3,397 items and 21 vols. Author, of Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Includes a letter, 20 February 1899, referring to Russian foreign relations; letter, 24 August 1905, on the Russo-Japanese War; and a 3rd about the 1905 Revolution, 21 December 1905. (NUCMC 71–58)
George Poulett (1786-1854)
Letter book, 1807–10, 1 vol., 127 pp. British admiral. Contains copies of orders he received from autumn 1807 to winter 1810, while commanding the Quebec. Some items directly concern relations with Russia.
George S. Bernard (1837-1912)
Papers, 1816–1912, 34 items and 3 vols. Undated scrapbook contains an item about Sevastopol harbor in the 19th c.
George William Barrington, 7th Viscount Barrington (1824-1886)
Papers, 1619 and 1822–1901, 463 items. Member of British Parliament. Includes a letter, 8 March 1886, discussing Russo-Turkish relations in 1844 and 1852 (enclosure). Other papers from 1876–86 pertain to Great Britain's links with Russia. (NUCMC 68–1526)
Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville (1742-1811)
Papers, 1779–1813, 468 items and 1 vol. British statesman. Includes a paper, 7 September 1799, concerning the Russian army and navy. (NUCMC 63–109 and 72–878)
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston (1784-1865)
Papers, 1808–65, 44 items. British statesman. Materials in part concern relations between Russia and Great Britain.
Henry Louis Mencken (1880-1956)
Collection, 1901–21, 5,433 items. Editor, critic, and author. Clippings about the theater, including folders labeled "Andreev, Leonid"; "Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich"; "Gogol, Nikolai Vasilievich"; "Gorky, Maxim"; and "Theatre, Russian."
Henry Punster Baker (1873-1939)
Papers, 1794–1953, 272 items and 8 vols. Consular officer, newspaper editor, and publisher. He traveled through Siberia in 1909. His Tasmanian Scrapbook contains clippings about Siberia. Assigned to the Petrograd embassy in 1914 as a commercial attache, Baker filled his scrapbook for 1911–33 with printed matter, pamphlets, and pictures which include material about Russian commerce with the U.S. Some of the items are by or about Baker, 1916 especially. In 1930–31 he was opposed to trade with the Soviet Union. (NUCMC 71–52)
Henry Richard Vassall Fox, 3rd Baron Holland (1773-1840)
Papers, 1809–39, 189 items. English politician. Includes a letter, 1837, concerning Russo-British relations. (NUCMC 68–1561)
Papers, 1712–1973, 2,500 items and 52 vols. Includes a letter, 11 February 1904, referring to the Russo-Japanese War. (NUCMC 75–1960)
James Augustus Thomas (1862-1940)
Papers, 1905–41, 29,231 items. Merchant and an authority on the Orient, where he spent much of his career. He was in China during the Russo-Japanese War, 1904–1905. Includes some letters, 1928, from John B. Powell about Russian influence with the Chinese Eastern Railroad in Manchuria. Letter, July 1930, from C. E. Harber in Shanghai concerns the completion of the Turkestan-Siberian (Turksib) Railroad and the probable increase of Russian influence that would follow. (NUCMC 62–919)
James Willis (fl. ca. 1800)
Papers, 1799–1804, 63 items. British East India Company employee. Primarily correspondence between him and Harford Jones (Sir Harford Jones Brydges), also an East India Company employee and British diplomat. In 1801 Jones writes about war with France, possible complications with Russia, and British interests in India. Elsewhere he writes of Henry Dundas, who wants news of Russia and Afghanistan. Subjects of other letters from Jones include Russian designs on Turkish Armenia, January 1802; the Persian Shah's anger over Russian encroachment in Georgia, March 1802; Azerbaijan's rising against Persia and appeal for aid from Russia, 5 April 1802; and Russian expansion near the Caspian Sea. April 1804. Jones feared the outcome of a Persian-Russian war, or even a war by Persia and Turkey against Russia. He wanted a pact among Persia, Turkey, and Britain against the tsar. Letters of February 1802 concern the diplomatic work of the Russian ambassador at Constantinople, V. S. Tamara. Other letters, July 1802 and 7 May 1804, concern the Russians in the Near East. In 1801 Jones sent Willis a report, 2 pp., entitled "Substance of Information Obtained from an Armenian Merchant on the 16th May 1801." In 1795 the merchant traveled from Herat in Afghanistan to Astrakhan in Russia via Bukhara. Jones's summary discusses these regions, the people, relations with Russia, travel conditions, and especially potential for military operations (a Russian invasion of India through Astrabad and Gazna). (NUCMC 68–1616)
Jay Rutherford (b. 1916)
Papers, in process. Includes a video tape recording, 80 mins., of an interview with W. Averell Harriman (b. 1891), former ambassador to the USSR, 1943–46, in which he discusses his 50-year diplomatic association with the Soviet Union. This tape is part of a larger project of interviews with prominent figures who were involved in American foreign policy since 1914.
John Backhouse (1784-1845)
Papers, 1740–1956, 4,473 items and 7 vols. British undersecretary of state for foreign affairs. In his correspondence are references to Circassia, 1835–36, British relations with Russia, 1833–36, and Russo-Turkish relations, 1834–36. In addition, letters from 1819–22 contain discussion of Jacques Augustin Galiffe's plans for travel in Russia and mention the Russian language. (NUCMC 69–1467)
John Banister Tabb (1845-1909)
Papers, 1901–36, 16 items. Poet and schoolteacher. Contains references to the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905.
John Bligh, 4th earl of Darnley (1767-1831)
Papers, 1738–1858, 76 items. British House of Lords member. Includes an account of the "General State of the Russian Trade, 1771–1785," 3 pp. (NUCMC 63–46)
Collection, 1629–1915, 11,734 items (Papers of the Clopton and Wallace families). Includes some material (amount and date unknown) on education in Russia. (NUCMC 61–87)
John Fane, 11th Earl of Westmorland (1784-1859)
Papers, 1837–76, 22 items. British diplomat. Includes a letter, 7 September 1853, which concerns Russo-British relations.
John Knight (1806-1864)
Papers, 1788–1891, 1,323 items and 48 vols. Mississippi merchant. Traveled with his wife to Russia (Moscow and St. Petersburg) in 1858. Her diary describes the people, fashions, palaces, churches, and jewelry she saw. Her name: Mrs. Frances Zeruiah Susanna (Beall) Knight.
John Mitchell Kemble (1807-1857)
Collection, 49 items and 2 vols. Philologist and historian. Includes a manuscript entitled "Heads of a conversation with J. C. H. [John Cam Hobhouse] at the India Board. Feby. 10th 1839," 5 pp. It discusses Afghan affairs, establishment of an anti-Russian league beyond the Indus, Russia and Britain in Central Asia, and diplomatic relations in 1838 among Britain, Russia, Persia, and Afghanistan. Author of the piece was apparently Henry Reeve, though Kemble was probably the copier.
John Sanford Martin (1886-1957)
Papers, 1917–58, 8,586 items and 6 vols. Newspaper editor. Includes a letter, 19 September 1936, about recent developments in the Soviet Union; and a "confidential transcription," 19 June 1945, of an interview with President Harry Truman concerning future relations with the Soviet Union and the United Nations. (NUCMC 68–1579)
John William Ponsonby, 4th Earl of Bessborough (1781-1847)
Papers, 1821–33, 22 items. MP and Home Secretary. Includes 1 letter, 29 August 1832, about Russo-British relations.
John Wilson Croker (1780-1857)
Papers, 1809–57, 2,251 items. British statesman and essayist. Received letters on the following subjects: Russian army, 24 October 1813, Russo-British relations, 29 April 1818, and the Crimean War, 1853–56. (NUCMC 68–1539)
Joseph Fuller (d. 1841)
Papers, 1819–41, 32 items. British general. Includes material pertaining to a Russian grand duke.
Scrapbook, 1904–33, 1 vol. Includes material on the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905 and on the Russian navy.
Records, 1768–1902, 134 items and 3 vols. Contains material on Turkey's relations with Russia.
Lord Augustus William Frederich Spencer Loftus (1817-1904)
Correspondence, 1871–84, 15 items. Secretary to the British legation in St. Petersburg, 1871–79. Letters, 26 June 1871; March-November 1877; and 7 May 1884, discuss Russo-British relations, particularly with respect to the Russo-Turkish War. Correspondence of 17 May 1872 discusses the coal and iron industries in the interior of Russia and investments in them by Lord Alfred Paget. Reference to Konstantin Pobedonostsev.
Louisa Bouknight Poppenheim (1868-1957)
L. B. Poppenheim and Mary Barnett Poppenheim Correspondence, 1871–1955, 955 items and 34 vols. Includes 1 letter, 6 August 1902, describing travel to Turkistan in Russia. (NUCMC 71–1666)
Papers, 1832–1908, 1,287 items and 1 vol. Sir Alexander Malet, 2nd Bart. (1800–1886), was an unpaid attache at the British embassy in St. Petersburg. His letters from 1824–26 refer to the Decembrist revolt (to which he was an eyewitness), the succession of Nicholas I, British diplomats in Russia, St. Petersburg life, bear hunts, horse racing, various festivals at the palace, a tournament, and the great flood of November 1824. Letter of an unidentified Russian from Taganrog, 19–27 November 1824, describes the illness and death of Alexander I. Sir Alexander's eldest son, Sir Henry Charles Eden Malet, 3rd Bart., was a Grenadier Guards officer at the siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War. Ca. 80 of his letters, written from the Crimea, 1855–56, discuss his experiences. An album contains sketches, battle plans, and watercolor scenes of the war. Other letters of 1853–56 also discuss Russo-British relations in general and Russo-Austrian relations as well. 2 of Lady Malet's correspondents, Lord Stanley and Queen Sophia of the Netherlands, write about the Crimean War. In addition, ca. 27 letters in the "Queen Sophia Division" of the Malet papers contain references to Great Britain's relations with Russia, Russian foreign relations generally, and Russian government, 1844–77. See William Rector Erwin, "A Queen's Confidante: The Papers of Lady Malet and her family," Duke University Library Notes, no. 43 (November 1972). (NUCMC 72–877)
Letters, 1855–56, 12 items. Sharpshooter in the British army during the siege of Sevastopol, 1855. Correspondence with a cousin in England. ca. 8 letters describe his service in the front-line trenches, various battles, and the poor hospital conditions. The final letter, 25 February 1856, describes Sevastopol and the British camp there.
Nathaniel Barksdale Dial (1862-1940)
Papers, 1915–35. Includes information about Russian trade with the United States. (NUCMC 61–1360)
43 originals and 9 facsimiles, ca. 1929–62. 29 items, donated by Dean Calvin B. Hoover, are propaganda posters issued during the transition from the New Economic Policy to the first Five-Year Plan. Subjects include the struggle against religion, public nurseries, the Russian Revolution and Civil War, women workers, Red Army training, Lenin, Stalin, alcoholism, industrialization, and the fight against imperialism. An additional 14 posters comprise electioneering placards on materials of the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. They concern the transition from socialism to communism, the Seven-Year Plan, industry, agriculture, social welfare, electrification, and the collapse of capitalism and imperialism.
Collection, 1757–1932, 2,361 items. Correspondence and other papers. Includes some reference(s) to Russia's relations with Brazil.
Raymond Robins (1873-1954)
Papers, 1917–18, 1 microfilm reel. Head of the Red Cross mission to Russia. Correspondence and diary, 1 January 1917–31 May 1918, discuss the 1917 Revolutions and relief work. Originals in the Wisconsin State Historical Society.
Recueils. Affaires Diverses du 18e Siecle, Particulierement de Celles de Dauphine.
1 vol. Some pages concern Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, wife of Tsarevich Alexius Petrovich, son of Peter I.
Richard Cobden (1804-1865)
Papers, 1840–64, 42 items. English statesman. Includes a letter of 2 January 1853 about Great Britain's relations with Russia.
Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool (1770-1828)
Papers, 1669–1900, 1 vol. British statesman. Pages of a scrapbook, 70 ff., concern Russian internal affairs and Russo-British relations, 1798–1814. (NUCMC 68–1575)
Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (1886-1961)
Papers, in process. Army officer. Letters, reports, summaries, photographs, and maps concern the American intervention in Siberia, 1918–20, and military intelligence, 1918–24. Letters from Siberia to Mrs. Eichelberger, August 1919-February 1920, are on 2 reels of microfilm. Volumes 2 and 3 of an album entitled "Siberia" contain photos, 132 pp., from September 1918-January 1921. Access restricted.
Correspondence, 1796–1852, 243 items. Transcripts of letters in French written by members of the Russian Imperial family. Made by Professor Sydney Wayne Jackson for his Romanov Relations, The Private Correspondence of Tsars Alexander I, Nicholas I and the Grand Dukes Constantine and Michael with Their Sister Queen Anna Pavlovna, 1817–1855 (London, 1969). The transcripts do not all appear in the book. Originals are in the royal house archives at the Hague, which restricts their use, and in the Thuringian state archives in the German Democratic Republic, which asks to be consulted before use. Copies or originals of the transcripts are also in the royal house archives. Letters comprise: Queen Anna to Alexander I, Nicholas I, Grand Duke Constantine, and possibly Grand Duke Michael, 1816–35, 110 letters; Nicholas I to Anna, 1820–46, 66 letters; Nicholas I to King Willem II of the Netherlands, 1815–45, 25 letters; Constantine to Willem II, 1816–30, 22 letters; Alexander I to Anna, 1817–25, 7 letters; Alexander I to Willem II, 1816–22, 5 letters; Nicholas I to Willem II and Anna, 1842–46, 2 letters; Nicholas I to Prince Hendrik of Orange, 1849–52, 2 letters; Anna to Princess Louise of Prussia, 1825, 1 letter, to King Friedrich I of Wurttemberg, 1816, 1 letter, and to Duke Friedrich Eugen of Wurttemberg, 1796, 1 letter; and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Saxe-Weimar to Anna, 1835, 1 letter. Queen Anna was both aunt and motherin-law of Queen Sophia of the Netherlands (see the Malet Family papers). Besides the private and family life of the Romanovs, the letters reveal aspects of Russian politics, government, and foreign affairs.
Sir Andrew Snape Hamond, 1st Bart. (1738-1828)
Correspondence, 1783–1862, 229 items and 1 vol. British naval officer. Business correspondence for 1795–1803 (at least 12 letters) contains frequent references to the hemp trade with Russia and the importation of naval stores. A report to the Privy Council, 18 December 1800, quotes hemp prices in 1790–1800 for Riga and St. Petersburg. (NUCMC 71–1656)
Sir Edwin Arnold (1832-1904)
Papers, 1870–1903, 136 items. British poet, journalist, and Orientalist. 3 letters discuss Russo-Japanese relations, 18 February 1895; ca. September 1895; and 30 September 1898. (NUCMC 71–50)
Sir Evelyn Wood (1838-1919)
Correspondence, 1848–1919, 232 items. British field marshal. Publication of his history of Crimean War in 1895 brought him more than 15 letters from participants with details, corrections, and additions to his account. They concern the 18 June 1855 assault on the redan during the siege of Sevastopol; the rank and status of Sir William John Codrington, Crimean commander at one point (from his son); the service of Sir James Yorke Scarlett; the Battle of the Alma River on 20 September 1854; and criticism of the war history by Alexander William Kinglake. 1 letter, 2 January 1860, from Kinglake himself requests a copy of General Sir John Miller Ayde's book on the war. None of the correspondence is contemporary with the war. (NUCMC 63–148)
Sir George Biddlecombe (1807-1878)
British naval officer. Memoirs, 368 pp., contain observations on the Crimean War and the fall of Cronstadt. In 1854 he was master of the Baltic fleet and conducted allied fleets to Cronstadt.
Sir John Nicholl Robert Campbell, 2nd Bart. (1799-1870)
Papers, 1812–41, 257 items, British military officer and diplomat who served in Persia 1824–34. Correspondence in the early 1830s contains many observations on Russo-Persian and Russo-British relations, Russian efforts to expand west of the Caspian Sea, Russian officers replacing the British as military advisers to the Persian army, Central Asian affairs (Khorasan and Khiva), and the unlikelihood of a Russian invasion of India. From the earlier period there are letters discussing the Russo-Persian War. On 8 February 1828 Campbell, in St. Petersburg, reported on his talks with Russian officials, and on British help in trying to end the war. Field Marshall Ivan F. Paskevitch had requested the British assistance. Also, a letter from Paskevitch, Count of Erivan, to Prince Nicolas Dolgorouki. (NUCMC 63–42)
Sir Robert Barrie (1774-1841)
Papers, 1765–1953, 729 items and 2 vols. British naval officer. Includes 1 letter, 2 January 1812, which refers to Russia's relations with Turkey. (NUCMC 68–1525)
Sir Thomas Douglas Forsyth (1827-1886)
Papers, 1869–75, 2 items. British administrator in India. Includes a letter, 19 August 1869, concerning Russo-British relations.
Sir Thomas Willshire, 1st Bart. (1789-1862)
Papers, 1806–1935, 79 items. British army officer. Includes letters, 4 and 20 December 1839, that comment on Russo-British relations. (NUCMC 71–1669)
Socialist Party of America
Records, 1897–1976, ca. 249,840 items and 177 vols. Includes national, state, and local party records (correspondence, minutes, resolutions, financial records, biographical sketches, speeches, printed matter, etc); papers of the Youth and Young People's Socialist League; files of related organizations (e.g., the International Solidarity Committee); serials; audio-visual material (films, tapes, and recordings from the 1950s-1960s); and a "Picture File" with photographs of prominent socialists (individual and in groups). Topics covered in the "National Subject File" include communism, international socialism, war, peace, and totalitarianism. There is some information on the Russo-Finnish War of 1940. A selection of material from this foremost collection on American socialism is available on microfilm, over 140 reels, from the Microfilming Corporation of America. Unpublished finding aid and, for the microfilm collection, a printed index and guide. (NUCMC 62–1598, 75–1967, and 77–883)
Stanley de Astel Calvert Clarke (1837-1911)
Papers, 1846–1913, 91 items. British army officer. Includes an army contract with Russia, 3 January 1906.
Papers, 1776–1847, 2 microfilm reels. Richard Strachey (1781–1847) was a traveler and diplomat in India, Persia, and Russia.
Papers, 1799–1815, 12 items. U.S. consul in Amsterdam, 1799–1815. Includes a letter, 15 November 1815, with reference to the city of Archangel.
Turin Bradford Boone
Diaries, 1911–12, 2 vols. Member of the staff of Morgan Shuster, treasurer general of Persia. Diaries, typed, record his travel in Russia. Comments on art and architecture, politics, and religion. He discusses Russian efforts to penetrate Persia and Russian diplomats.
U.S. Army. European Command. Historical Division. Foreign Military Studies, 1945-1954.
329 items. Since the end of World War II, this program has gathered records of the European War by former high-ranking German officers. Among the materials at Duke (only a part of the entire collection) are items on Russian armed forces and the German occupation of the USSR in 1941–44. The Historical Division's Guide to Foreign Military Studies, 1945–1954, Catalog and Index (1954) contains indices of topics, authors, and military units, and also describes each manuscript.
William Beatty Kingston (1837-1900)
Correspondence, 1877–86, 26 items. British foreign correspondent for the Daily Telegraph. He received a number of letters from Sir Edwin Henry Egerton, second secretary in the British embassy at St. Petersburg, 1877, later secretary in the Istanbul embassy; from Demetrius Ghica, a Rumanian statesman; and from Lord Odo Russell, ambassador to Germany. Egerton writes in 1877 about Russian political affairs; the Russo-Turkish War, Russian navy, and the Daily Telegraph's coverage of the war; articles Kingston wrote on Russia and Germany; the opera; Russian reaction to Donald Mackenzie Wallace's book about the empire; the difficulty of obtaining accurate news; trials of radicals; taxation; the possibility of a revolution; and Britain's unpopularity. Ghica, in December 1877, also writes about the Russian war with Turkey and about a visit of Alexander II. In a letter of 20 December 1877 Lord Odo Russell explains European attitudes toward intervening in the Russo-Turkish War. In 1879 Egerton writes from Vienna about the departure of a man named Law from the Daily Telegraph and his knowledge of Russia. Letter, 27 June 1886, discusses British weakness in foreign affairs and India's frontier against Russia.
William E. Tolbert (ca. 1840-ca. 1900)
Papers, 1820–1939, 1,413 items. Civil War soldier and businessman. Contains reference(s) to the Russian Revolution of 1917. (NUCMC 63–119)
William Govett Romaine (1815-1893)
Papers, 1857–77, 12 items. British jurist. Includes letter, 12 July 1877, that refers to the Russo-Turkish War.
William Harris Crawford (1772-1834)
Papers, 1790–1867, 126 items. U.S. senator from Georgia, secretary of war, 1815–16, secretary of the treasury, 1816–25, and unsuccessful presidential candidate, 1824. Letters from William Short to Alexander Hamilton, 1790, discuss Russian finances and foreign relations. Letter, 16 July 1815, from George William Erving, U.S. minister to Spain, to Crawford reports on Austrian and Russian intrigue in France. On 4 October 1821 Erving gave Crawford an analysis of the balance of power between Russia, Austria, Italy, Turkey, and England, and of Alexander I's intentions toward Constantinople. Letter, Paris, 1 November 1827, contains Erving's views on Nicholas I as a threat to Turkey. Letters of then secretary of state James Monroe in 1814 comment on his audiences with Alexander I. (NUCMC 60–2217)
William John Monson, 1st Viscount Oxenbridge (1829-1898)
Papers, 1872–76, 204 items. British politician. Includes a letter, 20–21 April 1876, with enclosures, concerning Russo-Turkish relations. (NUCMC 72–883)
William Sandford (d. 1871)
Papers, 1833–1914, 183 items. British author and expert on cotton growing in the Near East. Letters of 1952–63 discuss Soviet-British relations. (NUCMC 69–1540)