Inventory List of Archival Collections, no. 1 (1971) and no. 2 (1976); a published catalogue of manuscript, memoir, and archival collections of the LBI is in preparation.
Efraim Frisch (1873-1942)
Archives, 1894–1967, ca. 4 ft. Includes the papers of his wife, Fega Frisch, nee Lifschitz (1878–1964), born in Grodno. She translated many Russian authors into German. Among her typed translations: "Charakter und Eigentumlichkeiten der judischen Folklore," by S. A. Anskii, with handwritten corrections, 63 pp., the original of which appeared in St. Petersburg, 3 vols., 1908–11; "Der Weg," "Zwischen Zweien," and "Mikita" by Baruch Hager, each 6 pp.; and letters from Anton Chekhov to his wife, with handwritten corrections, 14 pp. Other translations are of Pushkin, Lermontov, and Tolstoi. There are also critiques of her translations, a diploma from a Grodno girls' high school, and some printed matter with her published translations. Note: Other parts of the collection, Efraim Frisch's papers and the editorial archives of the Neue Merkur, 1922–29, which he edited, would hold some related material. Unpublished finding aid (NUCMC 70–1589).
Artificial collection, over 170 items, ca. 900 pp., about half in German. Includes materials on the persecution and situation of Jews in Eastern Europe (e.g., Russia, Lithuania, Poland, and Roumania), much of it generated by organizations founded for their relief. Among the holdings are resolutions, circulars, and reports of several German groups helping Russian Jews. Russian-related items, mostly typed, printed, and mimeographed ephemera, 1882–1929. Unpublished inventory.
Artificial collection, 62 items. Similar to immediately preceding collection. Unpublished inventory.
Eric Muehsam (1878-1934)
Papers, ca. 1896–1968, 2.5 in. Anarchist and writer, murdered in Oranienburg concentration camp. Includes some correspondence and papers of his wife Kreszentia (Zenzl Muehsam, nee Elfinger; 1884–1962). After his death she fled to Prague and then, 1935, to Moscow, at the invitation of Helene Stassowa of the International Red Help (MOPR). Imprisoned in 1936 and again in 1938, she survived 17 years of prison and hard labor, emigrated to East Berlin in 1955, and died there. Includes 9 letters from her to Erich's family during her Moscow years; correspondence from this family (Charlotte and Leo Landau), Stassowa, Sophie Zinkiowicz, and Hans Muehsam (10 letters, 1 of which was returned by Soviet authorities); and newspaper clippings about Zenzl's experiences under Hitler and Stalin. Unpublished finding aid,
Hirsch of Gereuth Family
Papers, 1835–1966, ca. 1 ft. Includes the papers of Baron Moritz Hirsch (1831–1896), German Jewish railroad builder and philanthropist. Photostatic copies, positive, of originals in Vienna archives. After 1869 he was building railroads in Turkey, Russia, and Austria. Among the mainly Jewish causes he supported was the Jewish Colonization Association (ICA), which he established to aid Jewish farmers emigrate from Russia and set up agricultural settlements in South America and Palestine. (NUCMC 70–1600)
Jacob Jacobson (1888-1968)
Collection, 18th c.-1960s, 18 ft. Historian and archival curator. Section III, 37–40 and 97, includes items on Koenigsberg (present Kaliningrad): typed copies of records concerning the citizenship rights of Jews in Koenigsberg, 1798 and 1814; election list, contributors' list, accounts, including for the burial society, ca. 1800/1801, handwritten in German and Hebrew; copies of regulations on Jewish given names; requests for birth, marriage, and death certificates, 1847, originals; and typed excerpts from the Findbuch concerning the Jewish question. Section IV contains some material on the Prussian administration of territories gained in the partitions of Poland, including Bialystok and Plock, and on South Prussian Jews.
Jewish Colonization Association (ICA)
Records, 1802–92, 7 items. Comprises 7 pertinent reports: handwritten historical summary, ca. 1891–92, 37 pp., of the expulsion of Jews from Russian villages after 1802, with texts of various laws and edicts about Jewish affairs and Jews, 1804, 1807, 1812, 1845, 1848, 1853, and 1882; undated handwritten report, 41 pp., on the magnitude of the Jewish problem and the emigration of over 100,000 Russian Jews to the U.S.; report about prospects of emigration from Russia and negotiations with Baron von Hirsch, written in Koenigsberg, 29 January 1892, signed M. Grodsenski, 16 pp.; report, carbon copy, 23 pp., Koenigsberg, June 1892, with emigration statistics from Russia via Berlin and Hamburg to the U.S. from 1820–90, data on emigration to and from Argentina, 1871–90, and estimates of Jewish population and potential emigration figures, signed M. Grodsenski; undated fragment in German, 3 pp., and 2 Russian reports, 11 pp. and 12 pp. Note: The main body of ICA archival material is in London but currently inaccessible to scholarly use because of severe water damage.
Collection, 1917–39, 5 in. Includes materials of Joseph Roth (1894–1939), Austrian journalist and author, and Joseph Bornstein, who was Roth's literary agent during the 1930s. There are loose diaries and notebooks, handwritten, 129 pp., from 1927 concerning Roth's Russian trip of the previous year, plus his certification of registration as a correspondent for the Frankfurter Zeitung, 1926, in Russian. Unpublished finding aid.
Julie Braun-Vogelstein (1883-1971)
Collection, ca. 1850–1971, ca. 35 ft. Includes 1 letter, 2 June 1912, from Leon Trotskii to Victor Adler, Vienna, handwritten. Concerns personal matters. Unpublished finding aid.
Leopold Schwarzschild (1891-1950)
Papers, 1933–62, ca. 7 ft. Political publicist, economist, and journalist. Correspondence, 1941–49; personal documents and photos; and manuscripts, in German and English, of writings on World War II and of his books The Red Prussian (a biography of Karl Marx) and Gog and Magog: The Nazi-Bolshevik Twins, the printing of the latter by Oxford University Press in 1941 being stopped after Hitler invaded the USSR. (NUCMC 72–237)
Sam Echt (d. 1975)
Collection, ca. 1929-ca. 1950, ca. 2 in. Jewish community leader in Danzig. Includes materials about a trip to the Soviet Union by a trade delegation from Danzig, 6–15 July 1929: the delegation's summary report, 20 pp., with verbatim notes of discussions with M. Kalinin and others; reports about the delegation's meeting with the German ambassador in Moscow, von Dirksen, and the Polish ambassador, Patek; notes on discussions with A. Mikojan, people's commissar for foreign trade, typed, 8 pp.; notes of a visit with Mr. Tolokonzeff, Presidium member and head of "Maschinenbauwessens," 3 pp.; notes on discussion with Mr. Tschubar (Chubar), chairman of the Council of People's Commissars, 2 pp.; other notes; and several Soviet newspaper clippings, most with German translations.
Collection, in process. Manuscript, 1,500 pp., and research notes concerning diplomatic efforts of German Jews on behalf of Russian and Polish Jews seeking to emigrate to North and South America, mid-19th c. to ca. 1928.