The Bettmann Archive is a commercial institution, basically oriented toward the marketplace, working with publishers, editors, advertisers, and people in the television industry. The pictorial collections, including photographic and other still pictures, cover most nations of the world and most significant historical personalities, as well as a broad range of subjects. While Russia is not a specialty, pertinent material in the collections is extensive. Access for research purposes may be granted on an individual basis; contact the archive in advance, stating the nature of the research and material sought. Reproductions are available at the established rates.