The Truman Library was established to preserve materials pertaining to Harry S. Truman and his administration. Russian-related materials can be found in 3 of its holdings: manuscripts; oral history interviews; and microfilms.
In addition, there may be scattered references to Russia/USSR in the following manuscript collections: American Institute of Public Opinion (Gallup Poll), selected public opinion news service releases, 1945–52, ca. 1 ft.; Everett H. Bellows, U.S. representative in Europe, Mutual Security Administration, 1951–53, papers, 1951–60, ca. 1 ft.; G. Lyle Belsley, executive secretary, War Production Board, 1942–45, papers, 1938–45, 3 ft.; Edward L. Bowles, consultant to the secretary of war and special consultant to the commanding general, Army Air Force, 1942–47, papers, 1945–50, ca. 1 ft.; Committee for the Marshall Plan, records, 1947–51, 1 ft. (NUCMC 65–101); Nathaniel P. Davis, minister to Hungary, 1949–51, papers, 1916–57, ca. 1 ft. (NUCMC 65–104); Thomas K. Finletter, secretary of the air force, 1950–53, papers, 1943–69, 4 ft.; John W. Gibson, chairman, Displaced Persons Commission, 1950–52, papers, 1935–54, 19 ft. (NUCMC 65–111); A. Robert Ginsburg, member of the staff of the secretary of defense, 1949–53, papers, 1944–53, 6 ft.; Stanton Griffis, ambassador to Poland, scrapbook files, 1936–67, 5 ft.; Dan A. Kimball, assistant secretary of the navy for air, 1949, under secretary of the navy, 1949–51, secretary of the navy, 1951–53, papers, 1949–53, 3 ft. (NUCMC 72–897); Korean War, copies of selected documents from the files of the Department of Defense and the Department of State pertaining to the records, 7 ft., 1947–52 (NUCMC 72–911); John L. McKee, U.S. Army officer, headquarters, European command, 1949–53, papers, 1917–54, ca. 1 ft.; Cornelius J. Mara, assistant military aide to President Harry S. Truman, papers, 1944–50, ca. 1 ft.; Francis P. Matthews, secretary of the navy, 1949–51, papers, 1932–52, 29 ft. (NUCMC 68–1626); National Security Committee, records, 1947–50, ca. 1 ft. (NUCMC 65–129); Navy, Secretary of the, and Secretary of Defense, public statements, 1945–52, 3 ft.; John E. O'Gara, official, Central Intelligence Agency, 1949–61, papers, 1919–61, ca. 1 ft.; Frank Pace, Jr., secretary of the army, 1950–53, papers, 1946–53, 7 ft. (NUCMC 65–131); Richard C. Patterson, Jr., ambassador to Yugoslavia, 1944–48, papers, 1918–66, 9 ft. (NUCMC 75–599); Sumner T. Pike, member, Atomic Energy Commission, 1946–51, papers, 1920–61, 6 ft. (NUCMC 65–132); Henry Reiff, legal specialist in international organization, Department of State, 1944–46, papers, 1943–46, 5 ft. (NUCMC 75–601); Theodore Tannenwald, Jr., assistant director and chief of staff to the director for mutual security, 1951–53, papers, 1947–57, 3 ft. (NUCMC 65–143); Myron C. Taylor, personal representative of the president to the Vatican, 1939–50, papers, 1938–52, 1 ft. (NUCMC 75–603); United Nations Command (Korea), G-3 operations reports, 1951–52, 7 ft., closed; U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 80th and 81st Congresses, selected documents, 1947–50, 2 ft.; George L. Warren, adviser on refugees and displaced persons, Department of State, 1930–72, papers, 1944–68, ca. 1 ft.; James E. Webb, undersecretary of state, 1949–52, adminsitrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1961–68, papers, 1928–75, 229 ft. (NUCMC 65–149); John C. Young, presiding judge, Tribunal V, U.S. Military Tribunal, Nuremburg, Germany, 1948, papers, 1947–48, 32 ft. (NUCMC 77–914).
The Truman Library has oral history interviews that have or may have references to Russia. Among these are the following: John Abbott, Navy Department liaison officer to the Special U.S. Senate Committee investigating the National Defense Program, 1942–46, 173 pp.; Nathan M. Becker, economic adviser, Board of Economic Warfare and Department of State, 1941–47, economic adviser, general staff, U.S.-U.N. forces, Korea, 1952–53, 99 pp.; David K. E. Bruce, undersecretary of state, 1952–53, 49 pp.; O. Edmund Clubb, consul general, Vladivostok, 1944–46, 95 pp.; William H. Draper, military government adviser to the secretary of state, Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers, 1947, 87 pp.; Josiah E. DuBois, Jr., member, Allied Reparations Commission, Moscow, 1945, member, U.S. delegation to the Berlin Conference (Potsdam), 1945, 39 pp.; George M. Elsey, special assistant to the president, 1947–49, administrative assistant to the president, 1949–51, 477 pp.; Thomas K. Finletter, secretary of the air force, 1950–53, 84 pp.; Roswell L. Gilpatric, assistant secretary of the air force, 1951, under secretary of the air force, 1951–53, 48 pp.; Gordon Gray, assistant secretary of the army, 1947–49, secretary of the army, 1949–50, special assistant to the president, 1950, 57 pp.; Walter H. Judd, member of Congress from Minnesota, 1943–62, U.S. delegate to the 12th General Assembly of the United Nations, 1947, 123 pp.; Carroll H. Kenworthy, editor of the foreign department of United Press International, Washington, D.C, 1941–67, 65 pp.; Halyard M. Lange, minister of foreign affairs, Norway, 1946–65, 14 pp.; M. Leva, assistant secretary of defense, 1949–51, 97 pp.; Edwin A. Locke, Jr., personal representative of the president to China, 1945, special assistant to the president, 1946–47, 67 pp.; Isador Lubin, U.S. associate representative with the rank of minister, Allied Reparations Commission, Moscow, 1945, U.S. representative to the Economic and Employment Commission, U.N. Economic and Social Council, 1946–49, special assistant to the assistant secretary of state, 1949–50, U.S. representative with the rank of minister, U.N. Economic and Social Council, 1950–53, 12 pp.; Roger Makins, assistant under secretary of state, Foreign Service, Great Britain, 12 pp.; Cornelius J. Mara, assistant military aide to President Harry S. Truman, 1949–52, 125 pp.; Edward S. Mason, economic consultant to the Department of State, 1946–47, chief economic adviser, U.S. delegation, Conference of Foreign Ministers (Moscow), 1947, 46 pp.; Clifford C. Matlock, political officer, Department of State, 1946–62, 195 pp.; Philleo Nash, special assistant to the director, Office of War Information, 1942–46, 795 pp.; Louis H. Renfrow, assistant military aide to the president, 1947–49, assistant to the secretary of defense, 1949–50, 158 pp.; James W. Riddleberger, chief, Division of Central European Affairs, Department of State, 1944–47, counsellor of embassy and chief, Political Section, American Military Government, Berlin, Germany, 1947–50, political adviser to the Economic Cooperation Administration, Paris, 1950–52, director, Bureau of German Affairs, Department of State, 1952–53, 120 pp.; Arthur R. Ringwalt, chief, Division of Chinese Affairs, Department of State, 1946–48, 41 pp.; Charles E. Saltzman, assistant secretary of state for occupied areas, 1947–49, 25 pp.; Durward V. Sandifer, deputy director, Office of United Nations Affairs, Department of State, 1947–49, deputy assistant secretary of state for United Nations affairs, 1949–54, 139 pp.; R. Burr Smith, economist, Department of State, 1946–49, member, U.S. delegation, Austrian Treaty Conference, 1949, 77 pp.; Harold E. Stassen, member, U.S. delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization, San Francisco, 1945, 40 pp.; Lewis L. Strauss, member, Atomic Energy Commission, 1946–50, chairman, Atomic Energy Commission, 1953–58, 58 pp.; John L. Sullivan, assistant secretary of the navy for Air, 1945–46, undersecretary of the navy, 1946–47, secretary of the navy, 1947–49, 90 pp.; Theodore Tannenwald, Jr., assistant director and chief of staff to the director for mutual security, 1951–53, 31 pp.; J. William Theis, chief of the U.S. Senate staff of the International News Service, 1945–58, and of the U.S. Senate staff of the United Press International, 1945–58, 48 pp.; Constantine Tsaldaris, prime minister, Greece, 1946–47, 10 pp.; Eugene Zuckert, assistant secretary of the air force, 1947–52, 83 pp.
Allied Commission for Austria
Selected records (duplicates), 1946 and 1949–50. 1 ft. Included are the minutes of the Allied Commission for Austria and the minutes of the Executive Committee of the ACA. The originals are in the National Archives, Washington, D.C.
Bryn J. Hovde
Papers, 1940–50. 2 ft. Chief, Division of Cultural Cooperation, Department of State, 1944–45. 1 ft. of reports on the World Conference of Intellectuals, 1948. (NUCMC 75–594)
Charles M. Hulten
Papers, 1942–63. 12 ft. Deputy director, Office of War Information, 1944–45; deputy assistant secretary of state, 1946–51. Ca. 1 ft. of reports, memoranda, and information programs of the State Department (through the Voice of America) pertain to Russia. (NUCMC 76–102)
Charles W. Thayer Papers (1920-1968)
14 linear feet. Correspondence, memoranda, notes, press releases, diaries, invitations, publications, personal files, and clippings, relating to Thayer's service in Moscow, Berlin, Hamburg, Afghanistan, London, Yugoslavia, Austria, Korea, Bonn, and Munich. Finding aid available: https://www.trumanlibrary.org/hstpaper/thayerc.htm
Clark M. Clifford
Papers, 1946–52. 16 ft. Special counsel to the president, 1946–50. Includes 2 ft. of correspondence, memoranda, reports, and drafts of speeches pertaining to Russia. (NUCMC 68–1619)
Papers, 1933–71. 61 ft. Assistant secretary of state, 1941–45; undersecretary of state, 1945–47; secretary of state, 1949–53. 1 ft. of correspondence, memoranda, and speeches pertaining to the Soviet Union. (NUCMC 76–97)
Edwin A. Locke, Jr.
Files, 1941–53. 2 ft. Personal representative of the president to China, 1945; special assistant to the president, 1946–47; ambassador in charge of the U.S. Mission to the Near East, 1951–52. Some materials pertaining to Russia/USSR. (NUCMC 65–122)
Papers, 1938–52. 10 ft. Correspondent for Time magazine, 1941–49. Includes a small amount of material on U.S. policy toward the USSR. (NUCMC 66–1158)
Frank N. Roberts Papers (1865-1976)
2 linear feet, 2 linear inches (about 4,000 pages). Correspondence, memoranda, notes, diaries, speeches, memoirs, publications, and clippings, relating to the military career of Major General Roberts, including his service as military attaché at the American Embassy, Soviet Union (1945-1946) and Turkey (1946-1948); military adviser to Averell Harriman, special assistant to the president and director of mutual security (1950-1953); assistant chief of staff for plans and operations, Allied Forces Southern Europe (1953-1954); chief of staff, Allied Forces Southern Europe (1954-1956); and member, Board of National Estimates, Central Intelligence Agency (1958-1960). Finding aid available: https://www.trumanlibrary.org/hstpaper/robertsfn.htm
Papers, 1947–54. 1 ft. U.S. deputy representative to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, 1947–50. 1 ft. of correspondence, briefs, and speeches have references to Russia. (NUCMC 76–103)
George M. Elsey
Files, 1941–53. 42 ft. Administrative assistant to the president, 1949–51; director for Mutual Security, 1951–53. 4 ft. of correspondence, memoranda, notes, reports, and minutes of meetings relating to the Soviet Union. (NUCMC 77–901)
George V. Allen
Papers, 1944–69. Ca. 1 ft. U.S. ambassador to Iran, 1946–48. Some letters pertaining to U.S.-Soviet relations towards Iran.
Harry S. Truman
Papers as president of the United States from the central files of the White House (partly on microfilm), 1945–53. 2,713 ft. 15 ft. (estimated) of correspondence, memoranda, notes, reports (press releases), and speeches pertaining to Russia. (NUCMC 65–145 and 77–910)
Harry S. Truman.
Post-presidential papers, 1953–72. 404 ft. 2 ft. of transcripts of interviews with Truman administration officials that pertain to the Soviet Union. (NUCMC 77–910)
J. Anthony Panuch
Papers, 1931–73. 9 ft. Held various posts in the government. 1 folder containing a memorandum on Russia dated 1932. (NUCMC 77–902)
Joseph M. Jones
Papers, 1947–48. 1 ft. Special assistant to the assistant secretary of state for public affairs, 1946–48. 1 ft. of Russian-related materials, including correspondence, memoranda, reports, and copies of official documents used by Jones for writing his book, The Fifteen Weeks. There is also documentation on the Marshall Plan. (NUCMC 65–117)
Papers, 1932–52. 9 ft. Special U.S. representative to Europe, 1950–51. Ca. 1 ft. pertaining to the Soviet Union, including correspondence, articles and notes, directories, and other materials relating to ECA operations. (NUCMC 74–325)
Samuel I. Rosenman
Papers, 1945–66. 4 ft. Special counsel to the president, 1945–46. Some materials pertaining to Soviet-American relations toward Eastern Europe. (NUCMC 65–135) 18 John W. Snyder. Papers, 1918–71. 87 ft. Secretary of the treasury, 1946–53. Contains some materials on Treasury-related foreign policy matters. (NUCMC 65–142)
Sidney W. Soeurs
Papers, 1925–72. 2 ft. Executive secretary, National Security Council, 1947–50. Russian-related items include ca. 1 ft. of correspondence regarding the National Security Council.
State, U.S. Department of
Office files of the assistant secretary for Economic Affairs and the under secretary for Economic Affairs, 1944–48. Ca. 1 ft. of correspondence relating to Russia. (NUCMC 77–912)
Thomas C. Blaisdell, Jr.
Papers, 1933–51: 5 ft., 1933–51. Assistant secretary of commerce, 1949–51. Ca. 1 ft. of materials pertaining to commerce with communist countries. (NUCMC 66–1149)
Walter A. Radius
Papers, 1948. Ca. 1 ft. Chairman of the U.S. Delegation, Danube Conference, 1948. Russian-related materials include documents pertaining to the International Conference on the Navigation of the Danube River, held at Belgrade, Yugoslavia, 1948.
Will L. Clayton
Papers, 1926–1966. 74 ft. Under secretary of State for Economic Affairs, 1946–47. Ca. 1 ft. of correspondence, memoranda, and reports shed light on the USSR. (NUCMC 66–1151)