Foreign Language Newspaper Files. 1876–1936, 21 ft. In autumn 1936 the Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was organized under the Works Projects Administration of Illinois. Its purpose was to translate and classify news articles appearing in the foreign language press of Chicago in the 19th c. Files consist of 120,000 sheets of transcribed material from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago. 5,963 sheets are translated from Russian; 5,950 from Lithuanian; and 997 from Ukrainian. See The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey: A General, Description of its Contents (Chicago, 1946). Unpublished finding aid.
Alexander A. Maximow (1874-1928)
Papers, 1902–50, 23 vols. Professor of histology and embryology at St. Petersburg, 1903–22, and professor of anatomy at the University of Chicago from 1922. Among his papers is a manuscript Russian textbook on the principles of histology; other Russian-language materials also. Unpublished finding aid (NUCMC 64–134).
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
Records, 1945–51, 13.5 ft. 6 folders of material (mostly newspaper clippings) on Russia and the atomic bomb, before and after 1949, and several folders on Russian-American relations. Unpublished finding aid (NUCMC 64–44).
Charles Henry MacDowell (1867-1954)
Papers, 1918–35, 2.5 ft. Technical adviser to the American Commission to Negotiate Peace, 1919. Consists primarily of the minutes of the Economic Commission, the Supreme Economic Council, the subcommittee on Germany, and other committees. Topics include Eastern Europe, relief for Odessa, reopening trade with Estonia, shipments through Bolshevik Russia, health conditions, trade restrictions, U.S. locomotives for Lithuania, Allied economic policy in Russia, and the situation in the Baltic states. Unpublished finding aid (NUCMC 64–129).
Charles J. P. Mahon (O'Gorman) (ca. 1800-1891)
Papers, 1824–91, 5.5 ft. Irish politician and and adventurer. In the second half of the 19th c, he traveled to Russia, where he became a lieutenant in the tsar's army. Some of his papers document his journey to Russia. Unpublished finding aid (NUCMC 64–131).
Committee on Science and Freedom
Records, 1953–62, 13 ft. 1 folder of clippings on the Boris Pasternak affair; 1 folder of clippings on universities in communist countries; and several folders of material on the plight of Hungarian intellectuals in 1956. Unpublished finding aid.
Congress for Cultural Freedom
Papers in process and unavailable for some years.
Edward Shils (b. 1910)
Papers are uncatalogued and unavailable at present. Some materials relate to a Rand study of the Soviet armed forces after World War II.
Emil Teichman (1845-1924)
Papers, 1868–1925, 1 ft. British businessman of German descent. In 1868 he joined the New York branch of Messrs. J. M. Oppenheim & Co., the leading fur merchants of London. As part of his work he dealt with the Russians regarding the Alaskan fur trade, traveling to Sitka for the purpose. He describes his travels in America and Alaska in his diary (handwritten copy in this collection). Also includes a typed version of diary made by his son, and a copy of the privately published edition (Cayne Press, 1925), plus correspondence, photographs, and memorabilia. Unpublished finding aid (NUCMC 64–172).
Eugene I. Rabinowitch (1901-1973)
Papers, 1945–72, 11 linear feet (22 boxes). Russian-born editor of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and a leader of the Pugwash movement. The Pugwash conferences are meetings of international scientists to discuss the perils of the nuclear age. The papers reflect Rabinowitch's contacts with Soviet colleagues in the Pugwash Continuing Committee and details of the organization and planning of the conferences. Also, materials on science in the Soviet Union; mimeographed lists of Soviet research laboratories; mimeographed copies of Conditions of Research in Soviet Biology and of Human Science—Neither West nor East; a folder concerning the "Research Program on the USSR"; a folder of miscellaneous items (including clippings, speeches, and correspondence) about Soviet science and a trip to Russia by Katherine Lonsdale; and 3 folders with letters from Soviet academicians Topchiev and Skobeltzyn to Rabinowitch plus other materials. Finding aid available: https://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/scrc/findingaids/view.php?eadid=ICU.SPCL.RABINOWITCH&q=India
Federation of American Scientists
Records, 1946–70, 27.5 ft. Several folders of material, including newspaper clippings, on Russia and Russian science. Unpublished finding aid (in part, NUCMC 64–86).
John Gunther (b. 1901)
Papers, 19 36–76, 136.5 ft. Journalist and author. Includes notes, drafts, interviews, correspondence, clippings, plus original and carbon copies, printer's proofs and galley proofs of his Inside Russia, Behind the Curtain, and other books. Unpublished finding aid (NUCMC 64–99).
John Nuveen, Jr. (d. 1968)
Papers, ca. 1922–66, 40 ft. Lawyer, politician, and University of Chicago trustee. 2 folders on Russia and communism, 1946–55. Unpublished finding aid.
Julius Rosenwald (1862-1932)
Papers, ca. 1862–1948, 33 ft. Chicago philanthropist. Includes 7 folders of material (mostly correspondence) on the settlement of Jews in southern Russia, 1920s; a folder about the Russian Information Bureau; 2 folders on Russian refugees in Istanbul and Germany; a folder on the abrogation of the Russian-American treaty of 1832; and 1 folder concerning the Zemstvos and Town Relief Commitee (1928–30). Unpublished finding aid (NUCMC 64–156).
Leo Tolstoi (1828-1910)
Russian author, moralist, and philosopher. Manuscript of his work "Story about Ivan the fool and his Two Brothers" (1886), 29 11. (Codex MS 506) Unpublished description.
Michael Polanyi (1891-1976)
Papers, 1900–75, 23.5 ft., but some material remains uncatalogued. Scientist and philosopher. Polanyi wrote several books and articles about the Soviet Union; he visited the USSR in the early 1930s. His papers may contain materials relating to this visit. 2 of his correspondents were Soviet chemists, Alexander Frumkin and Nicolai Semenoff, who wrote asking him to stop attacking Soviet economic policies. There are manuscript articles on Soviet genetics, 1938, Russian science, 1943, politics in Russia and Germany, 1941, and planning and Soviet science, 1941. Unpublished finding aid.
Records, 1962-present, 16 ft. and growing. Scholarly journal edited by Edward Shils. Archive includes reports on scientific policy in the USSR by L. Lisichkin and V. Trapeznikov, and a folder on "Decision-making in Soviet Science Policy" by John Turkevich. Unpublished finding aid (NUCMC 69–1416, in part).
Ca. 1889–1965, 92 ft. and 14 cabinets. Papers of the presidents of the University of Chicago. Several folders of materials on scientific meetings held in the Soviet bloc, 1962, Slavic studies, 1942–47, The Journal of Slavonic Studies, and Russia in general. Unpublished finding aid.
Robert Maynard Hutchins (1899-1977)
Papers, 1922-, 111 ft. and growing. Educator, president of the University of Chicago. 2 folders of material on communism and Russia. Unpublished finding aid (In part, NUCMC 64–809).
Robert Morss Lovett (1870-1956)
Papers, 1876–1950, ca. 1 ft. English professor and author. Correspondence, lectures, notes, clippings, and printed documents. Includes data on his interest in leftist causes and his involvement with the Dies Committee. Unpublished guide (NUCMC 64–127).
Salmon Oliver Levinson (1865-1941)
Papers, 1913–41, ca. 37 ft., ca. 50,000 items. Lawyer, internationalist, and philanthropist. Correspondence, diaries, documents, reports, memoranda, etc. Some material pertains to Russian war debts (World War I) and to his antiwar efforts. Unpublished finding aid (NUCMC 64–124).
Samuel N. Harper (1882-1943)
Collection, 1905–36, 39.5 ft., ca. 40,000 items in 79 boxes. American scholar. The collection may be divided into 4 principal sections for purposes of description (though Harper himself organized it into 13 categories): (1) documents collected by Harper during his numerous visits to Russia, covering primarily the period 1905–17, largely records of meetings and other political activities of oppositional and unofficial groups, arranged in chronological order; (2) reports, diaries, unpublished notes and analyses of events, transcripts of interviews with Russian public figures in 1905–14; confidential reports to the U.S. State Department; accounts of his extended travels in the provinces of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union; published and unpublished articles; detailed notes on regional conditions of land tenure on the eve of World War I, etc.; (3) correspondence reflecting Harper's concern with Russian affairs; among his correspondents: Boris A. Bakhmeteff, P. P. Batolin, Arkadi Borman, Alexander Braghin, Arthur Bullard, William C. Bullitt, William Henry Chamberlain, Count A. Cherep-Spiridovich, Charles R. Crane, Walter Duranty, David R. Francis, John Hazard, Loy W. Henderson, Maurice Hindus, J. Edgar Hoover, Colonel Edward M. House, Michael M. Karpovich, George Kennan, Robert J. Kerner, Maxim Litvinov, Prince G. Lvov, Paul Miliukov, John R. Mott, Vladimir Nabokov, Constantine Oumansky, Bernard Pares, Leo Pasvolsky, DeWitt C. Poole, Raymond Robins, John D. Rockefeller, Sergius I. Shidlovsky, Boris Skvirsky, Pitirim A. Sorokine, and Otto Struve; and (4) translations made by Harper for the State Department and for himself of Russian documents, articles and thousands of newspaper articles from the Russian press. Further details are in Paul A. Goble, "Samuel N. Harper and the Study of Russia: His Career and Collection," Cahiers du monde russe et sovietique, XIV (October–December 1973). Unpublished finding aid: "Samuel N. Harper Papers Guide" (1972), 107 pp. (Note: The Department of Special Collections also holds Harper's collection of pamphlets, some quite rare, from 1905–11 and 1917–29 primarily. There is an unpublished "Index to the Samuel Harper Collection of Russian Pamphlets" , 130 pp.) (NUCMC 64–103)
Saul Bellow (b. 1915)
Papers, 1940-present, 27 ft. and still growing. American writer. Interest in Russia reflected in several items: 3 drafts of his preface to [Dostoevskii/Dostoyevskii/Dostoyevsky] Dostoevsky's Winter Notes; draft of his article on Evgenii Evtushenko for The New York Review of Books (26 September 1963); and several drafts of an article on Nikita S. Khrushchev for Esquire (March 1961). Unpublished finding aid. (In part, NUCMC 69–1397)
Trevor Arnett (1870-1955)
Papers, 1893–1955, 1,500 items. University and college administrator and trustee. Traveled to Russia in 1917. Unpublished guide (NUCMC 64–1324).
William S. Benton (1900-1973)
Papers, 1937–66, 22 ft. University of Chicago vicepresident. Copy of a speech entitled "Soviet Education—Will America Meet the Challenge?" Unpublished finding aid.
William S. Culbertson (1884-1966)
Papers, 1923, ca. 100 items. Notes and other materials connected with the 1923 round-table discussions of the Institute of Politics (Culbertson was a member). Documents include syllabi for a conference on "The international aspects of the Russian science. Unpublished finding aid (in part, NUCMC 64–86).